Peru - MC Grecof

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After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980. In recent years, bold reform programs and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity and drug trafficking have resulted in solid economic growth.



Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Geographic coordinates:

10 00 S, 76 00 W

Map references:

South America


total: 1,285,220 sq km
land: 1.28 million sq km
water: 5,220 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 5,536 km
border countries: Bolivia 900 km, Brazil 1,560 km, Chile 160 km, Colombia 1,496 km (est.), Ecuador 1,420 km


2,414 km

Maritime claims:

continental shelf: 200 NM
territorial sea: 200 NM


varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes


western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

Natural resources:

copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower

Geography - note:

shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia



27,483,864 (July 2001 est.)


noun: Peruvian(s)
adjective: Peruvian

Ethnic groups:

Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%


Roman Catholic 90%


Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara


Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Peru
conventional short form: Peru
local long form: Republica del Peru
local short form: Peru

Government type:

constitutional republic



National holiday:

Independence Day, 28 July (1821)


31 December 1993

Legal system:

based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Flag description:

three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a llama, cinchona tree (the source of quinine), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath


Economy - overview:

The Peruvian economy has become increasingly market-oriented, with major privatizations completed since 1990 in the mining, electricity, and telecommunications industries. Thanks to strong foreign investment and the cooperation between the FUJIMORI government and the IMF and World Bank, growth was strong in 1994-97 and inflation was brought under control. In 1998, El Nino's impact on agriculture, the financial crisis in Asia, and instability in Brazilian markets undercut growth. And 1999 was another lean year for Peru, with the aftermath of El Nino and the Asian financial crisis working its way through the economy. Political instability resulting from the presidential election and FUJIMORI's subsequent departure from office limited economic growth in 2000.

Agriculture - products:

coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potatoes, plantains, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, wool; fish


solenoide peruano de nuevo





total: 1,988 km
standard gauge: 1,608 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 380 km 0.914-m gauge


total: 72,900 km
paved: 8,700 km
unpaved: 64,200 km (1999 est.)

Ports and harbors:

Callao, Chimbote, Ilo, Matarani, Paita, Puerto Maldonado, Salaverry, San Martin, Talara, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas
note: Iquitos, Pucallpa, and Yurimaguas are all on the upper reaches of the Amazon and its tributaries


Chanchamayo SHG 18+ scr
Appearance: 0 d/300gr


A large bean coffee with a great cup at a low price: that?s pretty much a home run formula. The bean screen at 18/64 th's or above, which is how coffee size is measured. Large bean coffees are not necessarily better by any means. But it is going to roast evenly, be free of defective or partial beans, and have consistencey in the cup. And if a large bean coffee does happen to cup very well, then all's well. Chanchamayo is the premier growing region in Peru, but Cuzco (from near Machu Picchu), Puno (from the extreme South) and coffees from the North can be good. Chanchamayo coffees benefit from the most modern wet-mill processing facilities and best transportation routes to port at Callao. This is a medium to full body cup, good bright acidity and medium to long in the aftertaste, a complete package in the cup!


City to Full City: Classic central amercian cup character but not as delicate as others so it can take a heavier roast and retain "origin character".

Compare to:

border Centrals


Chanchamayo Valley, Urubamaba Valley


washed und natural Arabicas, classified as per altitude and preparation


500/2000 meter


natural :

April to September
June to October


July to December

Port of Export:



in container in bags (250 of each 69,- kos net)


2.900.000 bags

Export figures:

1.741.921 bags

Caffeine content:

1,29 %

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