Indien - MC Grecof

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The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, goes back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier inhabitants created classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in 12th were followed by European traders beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU led to independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. Fundamental concerns in India include the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic strife, all this despite impressive gains in economic investment and output.



Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan


20° 00' N, 77° 00' E

Map references:



total: 3,287,590 sq km
land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km

Land boundaries:

total: 14,103 km

Border countries:

Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km


7,000 km


varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north


upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Geography - note:

dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes



1,029,991,145 (July 2001 est.)


noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian

Ethnic groups:

Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)


Hindus 81,3%, Moslems 12%, Christs 2,3%, Sikhs 1,9%, others, encluding Buddhisten, Jain, Parsi 2,5% (2000)


English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication, Hindi the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people, Bengali (official), Telugu (official), Marathi (official), Tamil (official), Urdu (official), Gujarati (official), Malayalam (official), Kannada (official), Oriya (official), Punjabi (official), Assamese (official), Kashmiri (official), Sindhi (official), Sanskrit (official), Hindustani (a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India)


24 languages each spoken by a million or more persons; numerous other languages and dialects, for the most part mutually unintelligible


Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of India
conventional short form: India

Government type:

federal republic



Administrative divisions:

28 states and 7 union territories; Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal


15 August 1947 (from UK)

Flag description:

three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band


Economy - overview:

India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. More than a third of the population is too poor to be able to afford an adequate diet. India's international payments position remained strong in 2000 with adequate foreign exchange reserves, moderately depreciating nominal exchange rates, and booming exports of software services. Growth in manufacturing output slowed, and electricity shortages continue in many regions.


textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software

Agriculture - products:

rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish


Indian rupee (INR)

Currency code:




total: 62,915 km (12,307 km electrified; 12,617 km double track)

Broad gauge:

40,620 km 1.676-m gauge

Narrow gauge:

18,501 km 1.000-m gauge; 3,794 km 0.762-m and 0.610-m gauge (1998 est.)

Ports and harbors:

Chennai (Madras), Cochin, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Kalkutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Vishakhapatnam


Indian coffees are under-represented in the coffee market: they are good balanced, mild coffees. You will find the pronounced body, low acidity and subtle spicy notes pleasing, and the Mysore coffees work well under a wide range of roasts. Sometimes you find hints of earthiness, similar to Indonesian origins like Sulawesi and Sumatra. They are also nice in espresso. India produces wet-processed and dry-processed coffees: dry-processed coffees are called "Cherry" and wet-processed arabica is called "Plantation Arabica" whereas wet-processed robusta is called "Parchment Robusta."

The Monsooned coffee is a different story altogether! Potent, pungent and wild, these are great for those who like strong, deep musty flavours. The reviews below will give you an idea of what to expect...
If you want reviews of Premium Indian Robustas for use in espresso blends, see article below.

Coffee Farms:


Harvest Times:

November - February

Coffee Workers:



Highest: Plantation A, Cherry AB, Monsooned AA
Lowest: BBB = Blacks, Browned, Bits


Majority (Kents)

Major Coffee Growing Regions:

Karnataka (Mysore)
Kerala (Malabar)
Tamilnadu (Madras)


Malabar AA


Monsooned, Zustand


Monsooned coffees are stored in special warehouses until the Monsoon season comes around. The sides of the structure are opened and moist monsoon winds circulate around the coffee making it swell in size and take on a mellowed but aggressive, musty flavor. Our source for Monsooned Malabar is the Coehlo's Gold brand from the Silver Cloud Estate. Silver Cloud Estate was founded in 1950 by Gregory Joseph Coelho, the scion of an illustrious family of planters - whose coffee growing traditions, date back to the early part of the 20th century. In thier monsooning process, arabica coffee is spread on the floor of the special monsooning warehouse in Mangalore, raked and turned around by hand to enable them to soak in moisture of the humid winds. The monsooning process takes around 12 to 16 months of duration, where in the beans swell to twice their original size and turn into pale golden colour.Then there are additional hand-sortings to remove any coffee that did not expand properly, and the coffe is prepared for export. This is an extremely earthy, musty, pungent cup with a unique combination of carmelly finish and potent flavors. It is not for those who like a "clean" cup, or sweet coffees! It has some use in espresso blending with a preparation of longer drum roasting and resting (after roasting) of 3+ days. There are Italian espresso roasting companies that use this coffee in their "exotic" blend offering, along with 2-3 other non-monsooned arabicas to even out the cup and provide aroma and some sweetness ... for example Cafes Trottet. Even as a drip/infusion brew, the coffee mellows after 2 days and the cup is more balanced so resting is key to best cup results.


City if you dare, Full City for maximum drinkability, and no darker or you lose the funk.

Compare to:

liquor of the gods or sewer water, depending on who you ask. I love it, and think everyone should try it!.


Karnataka (Mysore), Kerela (Malabar) Tamilnadu (Madras)


Arabica: washed Plantatation as per screensize and defects
Arabica: unwashed Cherry as per screensize and defects
Robusta: washed Parchment as per screensize and defects
Roubsta: unwashed Cherry as per screensize and defects


Arabica: abt. 1.500 to 2000 Meter
Robusta: abt. 800 Meter


Arabica: abt. 1.500 to 2000 Meter
Robusta: abt. 800 Meter


Arabica: Jan to June
Robusta: March to August
Monsooned: Nov to Feb

Port of Export:



In container in bags (320 of each 60,- kos net)


4.588.000 bags

Export figures:

2.860.397 bags

Caffeine content:

Malabar: 1,37 %
Plantation: 1,27 %

Indian Robusta belongs to the Premium Robusta Coffees (for espresso blends)

Robusta coffee is the trade name for Coffea canephora, a different species of coffee from the genus Coffea and cousin to the higher-grown Coffea arabica L. that is the basis for specialty coffee. You may be interested to know that the bulk of cheap coffee in the world is actually arabica, not Robusta. Arabica accounts for 75% of the worlds coffee production with the top 5% qualifying as Specialty Coffee (the coffee Sweet Maria's and other fine coffee roasters stock). Robusta accounts for 25% of the coffee production. There is a LOT of very low grade Robusta out there, used to pump up caffeine content and as a cheap filler in institutional coffee. We offer some high grade robusta but I must confess this to you: I have difficulty telling the difference between 12% of a haigh quality Java or PNG washed robusta in an espressp blend, and a more expensive name-brand Indian one. I just think you reach a quality threshold and anything above it is "good enough". Robusta will never be arabica, in this respect.

Robusta is not for use in filter-drip coffee blends. It has hard, rubbery flavors that (if you are curious and brew some as filter coffee) youy will immediately identify as every cheap cup of coffee you have had! But there is a valid use for Robusta coffees that are picked, sorted, processed and prepared with as much care as top grade Arabicas; this valid use is in the 5 to 20% range in espresso blends. Robustas add body, crema, and a distinct flavor to espresso. If you are familiar with traditional italian espresso you will recognize this taste. It also aids the espresso in distinguishing itself in milk drinks. We don't rate Robustas on the cupping scale since traditional cupping doesn't apply on a coffee solely intended as a blend component in espresso. (Also, Robustas such as these are now being used in filter coffee "high caffeine" blend since the caffeine levels are doubled in Robusta over Arabica. But this really isn't something I am going to endorse, or even investigate myself even though such brands as ShockCoffee are doing exactly this...)

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